All portions of the manuscript must be typed in MS word
Page Layout – A4 Spacing – Single space in between lines. Use the option “Add space before and after Paragraphs” to give spaces in between 2 sections or paragraphs. Leave a single space after full stop, comma. Numbering of pages should be done from the first page.
Margins - 1 inch on the top and at the bottom. 0.75 inch on the left and right side.
Font to be used – Strictly Times new Roman
Size of Fonts –Title of the Manuscript – 14 (BOLD UPPER CASE) Main headings ie. Abstract, Introduction, Methodology, etc. – 12 (BOLD UPPER CASE)
Sub Headings – 12 (Bold lower case)
Body of the main text – 12 (Normal case)
Using special features – Underlining words or phrases or sentences are strictly to be avoided, instead using bold, Italics, Bold Italics could be preferred.
Justification should be kept to full for the whole Manuscript.
Limit the abstract to 250 words or fewer and concisely summarize the basic content of the paper without presenting extensive experimental details. Avoid abbreviations and references, and do not include diagrams. When it is essential to include a reference, use the same format as shown for the References section but omit the article title. Because the abstract will be published separately by abstracting services, it must be complete and understandable without reference to the text.
The introduction should supply sufficient background information to allow the reader to understand and evaluate the results of the present study without referring to previous publications on the topic. The introduction should also provide the hypothesis that was addressed or the rationale for the present study. Use only those references required to provide the most salient background rather than an exhaustive review of the topic.
Materials and Methods
- The Materials and Methods section should include sufficient technical information to allow the experiments to be repeated.
- For commonly used materials and methods (e.g., media and protein concentration determinations), a simple reference is sufficient.
- If several alternative methods are commonly used, it is helpful to identify the method briefly as well as to cite the reference.
- Describe new methods completely and give sources of unusual chemicals, equipment, or microbial strains.
- When large numbers of microbial strains or mutants are used in a study, include tables identifying the immediate sources (i.e., sources from whom the strains were obtained) and properties of the strains, mutants, bacteriophages, and plasmids, etc.
- Enzyme purifications should be described in this section, but the results of such procedures should be described in the Results section.
- A method or strain, etc., used in only one of several experiments reported in the (one or two sentences) in a table footnote or figure legend. It is expected that the sources from whom the strains were obtained will be identified.
The Results section should include the results of the experiments. Present the results as concisely as possible in one of the following: text, table(s), or figure(s). Avoid extensive use of graphs to present data that might be more concisely presented in the text or tables. Similarly, graphs illustrating other methods commonly used (e.g., calibration plots for molecular weight by gel filtration or electrophoresis) need not be shown except in unusual circumstances. Limit photographs (particularly photomicrographs and electron micrographs) to those that are absolutely necessary to show the experimental findings. Number figures and tables in the order in which they are cited in the text, and be sure to cite all figures and tables.
The Discussion should provide an interpretation of the results in relation to previously published work and to the experimental system at hand and should not contain extensive repetition of the Results section or reiteration of the introduction. In short papers, the Results and Discussion sections may be combined.
The conclusions derived from the study should be fixed at the end of this section which should be explained in few sentences
Tables should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be prepared using MS word only & numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading and a legend. The details of the methods used in the experiments should preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. Utmost care is to be taken to make sure that the same content be not repeated in both table and graph form or repeated in the text.
Figure legends should be typed in numerical order and shall be inserted at specific places within the word file wherever felt necessary. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file. The file containing figures may be attached as a separate file along with Main Manuscript during submission. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts. Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Care is to be taken not to repeat the matter in legends, again in texts.
Acknowledgments. The source of any financial support received for the work being published must be indicated in the Acknowledgments section. (It will be assumed that the absence of such an acknowledgment is a statement by the authors that no support was received.)
Referencing Style: HARVARD STYLE
- The Harvard essay format is used for article writing when specified. The format would appear like [Author’s last name, First name, Year of publication, Title, Name of the periodical published in, Volume number, Issue number, Page number]. An example of referencing using in an article would be Tom, AJ (2009), ‘Apples Are Yellow’, Organic Apples, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 136-139.
- The reference is detailed in the bibliography. The complete details would be presented here. It would look like [Author’s Surname, First Name, Year of publication, Title (italicized or underlined), Publisher, and Place of publication]. This format would apply to a book that probably does not have an online presence. The bibliography could contain more than one author for the works, editors, sponsored text, and reference without authors.
- The format could be used for websites and to reference electronic documents or EBooks. The format changes a bit and it would look like [Author’s last name, First name, date of publication, title, edition, type of medium, viewing date, and URL]. If the date of publication and URL are not available, omit them.
- The bibliography should contain references listed alphabetically, beginning with the author’s last name. If a name is not available, the title would take over.
Requirements of Ethical committee Certificates:
Studies involving Animal experiments or clinical studies should be properly attested by the Ethical committees existing in the institute where it was conducted. For animal experiments IAEC (Institutional Animal Ethical Committee) Certificate is Mandatory and for Clinical studies IEC (Institutional Ethical Committee) Certificate is Mandatory. The certificates should bear the Registration Number of the Animal house, Issued by the Government of the Respective Country.
Fees and Charges
Initial submission of Manuscript for evaluation levies no charges. On acceptance of the Manuscript (after Peer review), the Authors will be intimated through mail, following which the Authors are required to pay a nominal processing (handling, Editing, online hosting for a lifetime) fee. The mode of Payment and details shall be informed to the corresponding author through mail. On special circumstances the Author may request (prior to submission) to the Editor-in-chief so that the editorial office may waive some of the handling fee. (The Final decision on this aspect will be dependent on the Editor-in-Chief and it will not apply for all papers.)
Any enquiries concerned with publication of accepted papers shall be made to